Managing the Physical Health Risks That Come With Severe Mental Disorders
What Are the Physical Health Risks for People With Severe Mental Disorders?
- People with SMD have an approximately one to three times higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality compared to the general population.
- People with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have double the risk for diabetes compared to the general population while people with depression have 1.5 times the risk.
- Infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and hepatitis, appear to contribute to an increased risk of death in people with SMD, with a risk that is four to eight times greater than that of the general population.
- Among people with SMD, the median prevalence of HIV in the United States is 1.8 percent with a higher rate of 3.8 percent among inpatient populations. The overall United States adult population estimated prevalence of HIV is 0.5 percent.
Why Are People With SMD at Higher Risk for Physical Health Complications?
How Can Individuals With SMD Work With Their Provider To Address Physical Health Risks?
Understanding the WHO Guidelines
Resources for Further Reading
Mortality Rates Among People With Severe Mental Disorders
|Diagnosis||Years Lost (Men)||Years Lost (Women)|
|Substance use disorders||13.6||14.8|
|Depressive episode/recurrent depressive disorder||10.6||7.2|
Percentage of Adults Living With Serious Mental Illness in the United States
|Gender||Percentage of Adults|
|Hispanic Origin and Race||Percentage of Adults|
|Two or More Races||8.1|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||5.1|
|Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander||4.8|
|Not Hispanic or Latino||4.8|
|Black or African-American||3.5|
|Hispanic or Latino||3.2|
Tobacco and Alcohol Use Among Adults With Serious Mental Illness in the United States
|Substance Use in the Past Year||Percentage of Adults With Severe Mental Illness||Percentage of Adults With No Mental Illness|
|Substance Use in the Past Month||Percentage of Adults With Severe Mental Illness||Percentage of Adults With No Mental Illness|
|Daily Cigarette Use||22.1||9.9|
|Heavy Alcohol Use||11.2||6.2|